African Journal of Paediatric                                 Endocrinology  & Metabolism

Editor-in-chief: Ishaya Ibrahim AbokEditors: Abiola Oduwole, Maryann Ibekwe, Lucy Mungai, Renson Mukuwana, Joel Dipesalema, Muhammad Abdallah, Suzanne Sappe, Emmanuel Ameyaw, Thomas Ngwiri, Paul Laigong, Chizo Agwu


About this Journal


The African Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology and Metabolism  is a publication of the African Society of Pediatric and Adolescent Endocrinology. The journal is a peer-reviewed scientific journal intended to provide a platform for the publication of high-quality manuscripts and communication.  Supplements of proceedings and abstracts from paediatric and adolescent endocrinology, diabetes and metabolism  society meetings are published in the AJPEM. All  publications should be relevant to Africa and other continent of the world.


The AJPEM hopes to advance knowledge in  the following fields:




Article format

All original research work,Narrative and systematic  review articles, case report,  letter to the editors and commmunication .

Abstracting and Indexing

Instructions for Authors

General Instructions

All items submitted for publishing consideration must be sent to AJPEM alone. All authors must sign a copyright form before their work may be published. All articles should be written in double-line spacing on numbered pages and follow the guidelines for biomedical journal submissions.

 The authors should include their names, addresses, and appointment/designation. They should also provide a current address for correspondence, including phone and e-mail. Material accepted for publication may be edited including the title. Where possible, proofs are sent to authors of the manuscripts except in the case of letters and obituaries.

 The peer review process

All the manuscripts submitted to the APJEM will be forwarded for peer review after two editors have to access the originality and significance of the scientific message to the general medical readership. Such a decision will normally be reached within one week.  After this, articles for peer review will be sent out to external peer reviewers that are considered experts in that field.  Once returned, those with the statistical components are reviewed by a statistician, after which all those considered suitable for publication are discussed at the monthly editorial panel meeting. This is the last stage of the peer review process.

 Organization of a full original research Paper

These are articles that reports findings of research designs such as randomized trials, intervention studies, cohort studies, case-control studies, cross-sectional studies, and surveys with high response rate.

 Structure: The original article should have an abstract, Introduction, Material, and Method. Results, Discussion, Acknowledgments (if any), and References.

Word counts Maximum length: 4000 words in the main text (i.e., excluding abstract, references, legends, tables, and figures), 4 tables/figures maximum.

Title page: Each research article should have a title that is brief and succinct as possible, and it should pique the reader’s curiosity. The names of all the authors, their designations, departments, institutional address, email, and phone numbers should all be on the first page of the manuscript. The name of the corresponding author should be provided explicitly.

Abstract: a written structured abstract section of no more than 300 words should be included in each original research article. The abstract section should be structured as follows: Introduction, methods, findings, and conclusions are followed by a discussion.

Keywords: Up to 10 keywords can be provided as keywords. To help suggest keywords use the Mesh on Deman Tool. Available @

Introduction: This should include enough background information, knowledge gaps, and scientific reasoning for the investigation. The research topic or hypothesis should be stated in the beginning.  Authors should state clearly the objective or research question or hypothesis leading to the research.

Method: this should allow reviewers and readers to evaluate the science critically. It’s a good idea to include as many facts and essential information as possible so that the study may be replicated by other researchers using the same technique. Authors should specify the design and detail methods including the study setting, period of the research, and participants with inclusion and exclusion criteria. The primary and secondary outcomes should be specified with a detailed section on statistical analysis. The following are examples of suggested areas for the methods section: – The research plans, – Studying location (s), Materials used to include data collection tool(s), – Study population, the definition of exposure (intervention) and outcomes, Sample size calculations, Variables collected/measured, – Reference to prior publication if applicable, – Statistical analysis approach and IRB approval.

Result: The main results of the study should be written in the results section in a logical order. This should include key findings for the data variables covered in the research question and the methodology, the study population’s characteristics, information on response rates, follow-up and missing data, protocol deviation, and other quality issues that may have harmed the results’ validity. Tables, figures, and charts should be clearly labeled and referred to in the findings section’s text.

Discussion: The discussion part should focus on highlighting the most important discoveries in the results and placing them in the context of the current body of knowledge. Discuss how the findings are similar to or different from those of earlier studies. The limitations and strengths of the study findings should be discussed, with relevant conclusions, policy implications and practice, and the need for future research.

Reporting Guideline for observational studies:

  1.   STROBE guidelines for reporting observational studies (case-control, cohort, and cross-sectional studies).  Available @:https://www.strobe
  2. The CONSORT guideline for reporting Randomized controlled trials is available  @:
  3.  Quality improvement projects use the SQUIRE guideline available @:
  4. Studies on diagnostic accuracy using the STARD guideline is available @:

    Organization of a case report

Case reports must have originality and adequate and appropriate illustration. The identity of any individual must be concealed according to ethical requirements. They must not
be more than one thousand five hundred words which include a succinct, informative abstract of one hundred and fifty words.


Title page:  The title of the paper, It is important to note that the title, which should be clear, must include the diagnosis and a short description of the case.

Key Words: Use 2-5 keywords.

Abstract: This is the same as an abstract; it is a 150-word synopsis of the case report. It should be divided into three parts: the background, which explains why the case is relevant; a brief case summary; and a conclusion, which explains what the reader should learn and its clinical significance.

Introduction:  The background of cases should include a description of the condition, typical presentation, and course. It should also include a quick review of the literature and the aims of the report.

Case Presentation: This part should contain a description of the patient’s relevant demographic information, medical history, symptoms and signs, therapy or intervention,
outcomes, and any other relevant information.

Discussion: This section should go over the relevant existing literature.

Conclusion:  the main conclusions should state here along with an explanation of their relevance or significance to the field.

Reporting Guideline for case report: CARE guideline on reporting a case report. Available @:

Organization of review article

Reviews must be critical evaluations of the subjects under consideration, providing an up-to-date and fair picture of all concerns, such as debates. Authorities and professionals in the appropriate field should ideally contribute to reviews. The review’s message must be clear and significant, just as it must be for original pieces. The abstract part of a review article should include the objectives (s), data sources, research selection, data extraction, data synthesis, and findings.

Reporting guideline:  The PRISMA guideline on reporting a systematic review and meta-analysis.

 Available @:


Tables should be self-explanatory and not repeated in the text. Tables should be numbered with Arabic numerals ( Table 1) in the order they appear in the text so that
they can be found quickly. Each one should also have a short title written at the top. For example Table 1: short title. Tables with more than 10 columns and 25 rows are not acceptable. Footnotes are used to add extra information that doesn’t fit in the main body of the table, to explain all non-standard abbreviations that are used in each table, and to credit the source of the table if it has been fully copied, adapted, or changed, in addition to getting permission.


Figures can be pictures or illustrations. Pictures should be high quality, not more than 150KB, and accompanied by written permission if human. Figures should be
numbered with Arabic Numerals in the order they appear in the text. Each one should have a short title written at the Top for example Figure 1: short title


Use the Vancouver reference system for all manuscripts: 25–30 references for the original research article, 15 for a case report article, and 5 for a letter to the editor. Before submitting an article, the authors must double-check the references. Only references read may be mentioned and therefore added to the list.

In the order in which they are cited in the text, references must be numbered consecutively in square brackets (like this [1], or this [2,3], or even this [4-7]), followed by any in tables or legends. Titles and headings should not contain reference citations. Each reference must have its reference number. It is recommended to use free reference managers such as Zotero.

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 Authors are encouraged to acknowledge those who made contributions to the research work but did not meet the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)
criteria for authorship. A funding research citation should be stated in the acknowledgment section of the manuscript.


   Author’s contributions: This section should briefly state the contributions of each of the co-authors to the manuscript. Authorship should be based on significant contributions to each of the three elements listed below:

  1.  The study’s idea and design, as well as data collection, analysis, and interpretation.
  2. Writing or critically reviewing the article for key intellectual content
  3. Final approval of the version to be published.

  Authorship does not include funding, data collecting, or supervision. Each contributor should have been involved enough in the endeavor to claim public ownership of relevant parts of the work. The order of contributors should reflect their distinct contributions to the article’s research and creation. Once an order has been entered, it can only be changed with the consent of all authors.


 Contributors should describe their specific contributions to the work. Concept, design, intellectual content definition, literature search, clinical investigations, experimental research, data gathering, data analysis, statistical analysis, article preparation, manuscript editing, and manuscript review should all be included in the description. The contributions of the authors will be printed alongside the article. One or more writers should be identified as ‘guarantors’ and bear responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, from conception through publication.

      Conflict of interest

   In order to publish a paper, an author must declare any and all potential conflicts of interest, including any ties to a publication, institution, or product referenced in the document. Conflicts of interest with competing products should also be disclosed.

       Privacy protection for patients

    Identifying information should not be released in written descriptions, pictures, sonograms, CT scans, or pedigrees unless the patient (or parent or guardian, if applicable) grants informed consent. Unless patients give informed consent, authors should remove patient names from the figures. The journal follows ICMJE rules.

      Ethical issues

 Authors are responsible for the thoughts, opinions, and authenticity of the manuscript submitted to the AJPEM. The standards of both internal and Local research ethical guidelines must be met, and authors must certify this. Consent, confidentiality, and data ownership must be addressed.


 All of the information in the AJPEM is covered by international copyright laws. If you want to use the work in any way, the Journal gives you a license to do so for free. You can also make and distribute derivative works in any digital medium for any reasonable non-commercial purpose, as long as you credit the author and own the rights. The journal also allows people to print out small amounts of the articles for their own, non-commercial use under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International Public License.

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Kindly click on the link below to submit your manuscript to AJPEM.

Please send inquiries to

  1. Article submission, processing, and publishing are free for authors.
  2. Non-compliant articles will be returned to authors for technical rectification before editorial/peer review.
  3. Generally, the manuscript should be in the following parts:

 The first document

  1. This should contain the primary content of the paper, from the abstract through the references, including tables and figures. The title can be included in page headers/running titles. There must be no reference to the authors’ names or initials, the institution where the study was conducted, or acknowledgements in the file.

Second document

  1. A cover letters
  2. The title of the paper, the names of all the authors, their designations, departments, institutional address, email, and phone number should all be on the first page of the manuscript, along with a declaration of conflict of interest and the authors’ contribution. The name of the corresponding author should be provided explicitly. All information which can reveal your identity should be here.
  3. Financial grants, equipment, drugs, or a combination of these sources of assistance
  4. One or more statements should acknowledge the contributions that do not justify authorship, such as support from the general department chair, technical support, or financial and material support.
  5. If the material was presented as part of a conference, provide the date, place, and organization that held it.
  6. A brief explanation to the editor of any previous submissions or reports that might be regarded as duplicate publishing of the same or very similar content.
  7. Registration number in the case of a clinical trial and where it  was registered.




Ishaya Ibrahim Abok, Jos, Nigeria

Guest Editor

Ain Shams,  Cairo, Egypt

John Gregory, Cardiff, United Kingdom

Editorial Board

Lucy Mungai, Nairobi, Kenya

Abiola Oduwole, Lagos, Nigeria

Muhammad Abdallah, Khartoum, Sudan

Maryann Ibweke, Abakaliki, Nigeria

Rensome Mukwana, Nairobi, Kenya

Joel Dipesalema, Gaborone, Botswana

Paul Laigong, Nairobi, Kenya

Suzzane Sappe, Yaoundé, Cameroon

Emmanuel Ameyaw, Accra, Ghana

Thomas Nwigri, Nairobi, Kenya

Chizo Agwu,  West Midlands, England, United Kingdom

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